MALCOLM X DEBATE WITH JAMES BALDWIN (Sept. 5, 1963)

The very fact that you have to refer to the black man in America as a Negro shows you that right there something is wrong. An African doesn’t accept this term Negro and you find they teach us in the educational system of this country that Negro is a Spanish word that’s supposed to mean black, yet when you find the black people who live in Spanish-speaking countries of South and Central America, they don’t accept the word Negro to identify themselves. No one allows himself to be classified under word Negro but the black man here in America who is a descendant of the slaves and very seldom is it ever applied to anybody but the black man here in America who is the descendant of the slaves.

When you ask a man his identity he should use a word that connects him with a culture. If you ask him his nationality, it should connect him with a nation, like if I ask a man his nationality and he says German that connects him with Germany or even if he says German-American it still connects him with having originated, his family his history has originated in Germany. If he says he’s French-American, it connects him with France, but when you ask a black man in America and he tells you Negro, he doesn’t put any other country in front, he puts American Negro, or he’ll just say Negro. This doesn’t identify him and usually when you find a man who calls himself a Negro, he can’t tell you what language that he spoke before he came to this country, it’s of no consequence, no interest. He believes that prior to coming here he was a savage in the jungle and therefore he had no language and this justifies his lack of knowledge concerning that mother today, and the history as Mr. Baldwin pointed out, of the white man here in America and the black man here in America points out the fact that the Negro or the man who calls himself a Negro is just an ex-slave. If he is an ex-slave, I’d rather say he’s still a slave than but he’s wearing his slave master’s name, the name that was given to him during slavery, he’s speaking the language of the man who made him a slave, because he has no knowledge of his own tongue, he only knows the history, his own history as taught to him by his former slave master who purposely hid from him his own history to make him think that he was an inferior being before being brought here.

Gerald Heard on putting right our political and economic systems (via Mike Zonta)

GeraldHeard

Henry FitzGerald Heard, commonly called Gerald Heard (October 6, 1889 – August 14, 1971), was a historian, science writer, educator, and philosopher. He wrote many articles and over 35 books. Wikipedia

Gerald Heard said in his book Pain, Sex and Time: “[T]he unscientific assumption [is] that the outer world as directly apprehended by the senses is reality, an assumption which is ruling our present civilization. . . . We cannot put right either our economic or our political systems until we cure our strangulated individualities. The first sign of returning sanity, the first symptom that we are attaining the essential objectivity toward our acute problem, is when we begin to realize that our societies are projections of ourselves and that our first radical contribution to a new social order . . . will be made, and will only be made, when we undertake the reintegration of ourselves and set ourselves to continue our evolution by enlarging consciousness. Once that is attained, once we have a real psychology, inevitably there will appear a sane economics and a worthy politics.”

Heard also goes on to say that “expansion of consciousness is as unfamiliar an idea to most as was Copernican’s idea that the earth rotates around the sun rather than the other way around. We cannot imagine that the way out of our dilemma, that the escape through the net of outer events which seems to have us toiled, lies in ourselves any more than practical minds and common sense in Copernicus’s day could image an earth rotating around the sun. This means not merely that we must understand that we happen to things rather than that things happen to us, but that until we have direct experience of the enlarged consciousness which transcends not merely individuality but Time, we see events under a completely stultifying misapprehension.”