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Nuestro Juramento


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El Ruiseñor de America


Benito De Jesús

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Book: “Fear of Falling: the Inner Life of the Middle Class”

Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class

Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class

by Barbara Ehrenreich 

A brilliant and insightful work that examines the insecurities of the middle class in an attempt to explain its turn to the right during the past two decades, “Fear of Falling” traces the myths about the middle class to their roots in the ambitions and anxieties that torment the group and that have led to its retreat from a responsible leadership role.


Asian Americans are patrolling streets across the US to keep their elders safe

By Nicole Chavez and Jeffrey Kopp, CNN

Updated 8:29 AM ET, Fri May 28, 2021 (

In their 60s and 70s, they're on the streets protecting fellow Asian Americans

In their 60s and 70s, they’re on the streets protecting fellow Asian Americans

(CNN) Carl Chan was walking in Oakland’s Chinatown on his way to meet an Asian elder who had been attacked when a stranger called him a racial slur and hit him on the head.”I am so fortunate to be able to live another day to tell my story,” Chan told CNN.As president of the neighborhood’s chamber of commerce, Chan has closely seen how the Covid-19 pandemic and the wave of attacks on older Asians are keeping customers away. While police arrested a suspect, Chan says the April 29 incident motivated him even more to join a community foot patrol group.From coast to coast, volunteer groups have emerged in the past year to patrol Asian neighborhoods in an effort to deter the racism and violent attacks that people of Asian descent have been subjected to in the past year.

These Asian American health care workers are fighting two viruses: Covid and hate

These Asian American health care workers are fighting two viruses: Covid and hateIn Oakland, about a dozen people wearing bright orange vests and caps daily comb the streets of Chinatown every day. They carry whistles and some even wear body cameras while they greet business owners and customers alike.”We try to just show our presence to try to make sure that the individuals that might be out there don’t try to commit any crimes,” David Won, one of the volunteers, told CNN.When the Covid-19 pandemic began, the number of people shopping at Oakland’s Chinatown decreased significantly. Many businesses closed and those that were able to reopen have shortened their operating hours out of fear, Chan said.

The East Bay Toishan Association, a group of mostly seniors known for organizing social events and Tai Chi classes for people from Taishan in China’s southern Guangdong province, created the foot patrol in February as the Bay Area saw a surge of anti-Asian attacks.Won, a 59-year-old financial services professional who lives in Oakland, saw them while grocery shopping in the neighborhood and became curious about the group. He reached out to them and soon he began walking with them twice a week.Won says he joined the group because “being out there is the right thing to do.””I can’t even imagine punching somebody so hard that you’re going to break someone’s nose or pulling someone’s hair out,” Won said about the anti-Asian violent attacks. “I can’t even see how someone could actually even do that to another human being.”

Volunteers are stepping up in other cities

Similar community watch groups have been created in several cities across the United States, including Seattle and New York.At least four other groups in Oakland have patrolled the streets in the past year, trying to keep elders safe. Meanwhile, an emergency response team in San Jose, California, known for providing aid during natural disasters created a patrol unit in the city’s Japantown.Wan Chen, 37, couldn’t “just sit around doing nothing” earlier this year when attacks surged in New York. At first, Chen tried contacting some of the victims, asking if they needed help because of language and cultural barriers.”A lot of them were afraid just to even talk about what happened to them,” Chen said.Chen and a few others founded a group called Public Safety Patrol in Flushing, New York. About two dozen people, including city workers, waiters, students and drivers, have signed up to patrol with the group since March. Each shift, a person is responsible of video recording, another would take notes and a third person is responsible of communicating with police officers or community members.

About 25 people volunteer with the Public Safety Patrol to deter crime in Flushing, New York.

About 25 people volunteer with the Public Safety Patrol to deter crime in Flushing, New York.”We are people trying to make a living for our families but at the same time we care about this community,” Chen said.Stop AAPI Hate, a center tracking reports of racism and discrimination against Asian Americans, has received more than 6,000 firsthand complaints since last year.Last week, President Joe Biden signed into law a legislation aimed at countering the rise in anti-Asian hate crimes during the coronavirus pandemic.The Covid-19 Hate Crimes Act, introduced by New York Democratic Rep. Grace Meng and Hawaii Democratic Sen. Mazie Hirono, will create a new position at the Justice Department to expedite review of potential Covid-19-related hate crimes and incidents reported at the federal, state or local level.”We heard out too many Asian Americans have been waking up each morning this past year, genuinely — genuinely — fearing for their safety,” Biden said.”Grandparents afraid to leave their homes even to get vaccinated, for fear of being attacked. Small business owners targeted and gunned down. Students worried about two things: Covid-19 and being bullied,” he added.

A chance to ‘turn that pain into action,’ vice president says

Asian Americans have turned their pain and outrage into action in ways big and small, including the foot patrols. In a recent speech, Vice President Kamala Harris urged them to also consider using their political power.”When we saw the targeting, when we’ve seen the hate, when we’ve seen the viciousness of it all, and we’ve all seen that,” Harris said during the inaugural AAPI Virtual Unity Summit hosted by the AAPI Victory Alliance last week.”As a member of this community, I share in that outrage and grief, and I believe we have an opportunity now to turn that pain into action,” she added.While Asian Americans make up about 7% of the total US population, they were the fastest-growing segment of eligible voters among all major racial or ethnic groups between 2000 and 2020, according to a recent Pew Research Center analysis of US Census data.

Asian Americans emerged as an important voting bloc in 2020. Activists fear new voting restrictions could silence them

Asian Americans emerged as an important voting bloc in 2020. Activists fear new voting restrictions could silence themSome AAPI cultures encourage people keep their heads down and remain unnoticed, experts say, but Trump’s immigration policies and his rhetoric about the coronavirus’ origins proved a galvanizing force for Asian American voters last year.Nationally, Asian American turnout soared to record levels — jumping from 49% in 2016 to 60% in 2020, according to an analysis by AAPI Data, which collects data and conducts policy research. Pacific Islander participation jumped from roughly 41% to nearly 56%.”But there was kind of a collective realization during the pandemic that folks could not be silent and that we needed to be vocal,” Varun Nikore, president of the AAPI Victory Fund has told CNN. “This has turned many more people in the AAPI community into activists instead of passive watchers of politics on TV.”

Bio: Benjamin J. Davis Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ben Davis
Benjamin Davis by Hugo Gellert
New York City Councilman
In office
March 1, 1943 – December 31, 1949
Preceded byAdam Clayton Powell
Personal details
BornBenjamin Jefferson Davis, Jr.
September 8, 1903
Dawson, Georgia
DiedAugust 22, 1964 (aged 60)
New York City
Political partyCommunist
OccupationLawyer, Activist, Politician
Known forSmith Act trials of Communist Party leaders

Benjamin Jefferson “Ben” Davis Jr. (September 8, 1903 – August 22, 1964), was an African-American lawyer and communist who was elected in 1943 to the city council of New York City, representing Harlem. He faced increasing opposition from outside Harlem after the end of World War II. In 1949 he was among a number of communist leaders prosecuted for violating the Smith Act. He was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison.

Early years

Benjamin J. Davis Jr. – known to his friends as “Ben” – was born September 8, 1903, in Dawson, Georgia. The family moved to Atlanta in 1909, where Davis’s father, “Big Ben” Davis, established a weekly black newspaper, the Atlanta Independent.[1] It was successful enough to provide a comfortable middle-class upbringing for his family. The elder Benjamin Davis emerged as a prominent black political leader and served as a member of the Republican National Committee for the state of Georgia.[2][3]

The younger Ben Davis Jr. attended the high school program of Morehouse College in Atlanta.[4] He left the South to study at Amherst College, where he earned his B.A. in 1925.[5] Davis continued his education at Harvard Law School, from which he graduated in 1929. Davis worked briefly as a journalist before starting a law practice in Atlanta in 1932.[6]

Political career

Benjamin Davis leaving the Federal Courthouse in New York City in 1949

Davis became radicalized through his role as defense attorney in the 1933 trial of Angelo Herndon, a 19-year-old black Communist who had been charged with violating a Georgia law against “attempting to incite insurrection”, because he tried to organize a farm workers’ union. Davis asked the International Juridical Association to review his brief.[7] During the trial, Davis faced angry, racist opposition from the judge and public. He was impressed with the rhetoric and bravery of Herndon and his colleagues. After giving concluding arguments, he joined the Communist Party himself.[8]

Herndon was convicted and sentenced to 18–20 years in jail. He was freed after April 26, 1937 when, by a 5-to-4 margin, the United States Supreme Court ruled Georgia’s Insurrection Law to be unconstitutional.[9]

Davis moved to Harlem, New York in 1935, joining the Great Migration of blacks out of the South to northern cities. He worked as editor of the Communist Party’s newspaper targeted to African-Americans, The Negro Liberator. He later became editor of the CPUSA’s official English-language daily, The Daily Worker.

In 1943, Davis was elected under the then-used system of proportional representation to fill a city council seat being vacated by Adam Clayton Powell Jr. to run for Congress.

Davis was reelected twice to his city council seat. In 1949, he was expelled from the council upon being convicted of conspiring to overthrow the federal government under the Smith Act – a World War II-era charge that rested on Davis’s association with the Communist Party.[2] His expulsion from the council was required under state law. His former colleagues passed a resolution celebrating his ouster.[10] He appealed the conviction for two years, without success.

After serving three years and four months in the federal penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana, Davis was freed.[11] In the subsequent years, Davis engaged in a speaking tour of college campuses and remained politically active, promoting an agenda of civil rights and economic populism. Davis’ 1962 speaking circuit drew crowds at schools such as HarvardColumbiaAmherstOberlin and the University of Minnesota.[12] But the City College of New York – in the New York council district he represented in the 1940s – barred Davis from speaking on its campus in this period. After a student protest, Davis was allowed to speak outside, on the street.[12] He was close to Communist Party chairman William Z. Foster. Davis continued to publicly defend the actions of the Soviet Union, including the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956.[11]

In 1962 Davis was charged with violating the Internal Security Act.[11] He died shortly before the case came to trial.[13]


Ben Davis died of lung cancer in New York City on August 22, 1964. He was less than one month shy of his 61st birthday at the time of his death, and was in the midst of a campaign for New York State Senate on the People’s Party ticket.


While in prison, Davis had written notes for a memoir. These were confiscated by prison authorities and not released until after his death. They were posthumously published under the title Communist Councilman From Harlem (1969), with a foreword by his Smith Act codefendant Henry Winston.[14]

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Bio: Claudia Jones

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jones, Claudia – Communist
Claudia Jones
BornClaudia Vera Cumberbatch
21 February 1915
BelmontPort of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Died24 December 1964 (aged 49)
London, England
Resting placeHighgate Cemetery
Other namesClaudia Cumberbatch Jones
OccupationJournalist, activist
Years active1936–1964
Known forFounder of the Notting Hill Carnival.
Founder of Britain’s first major black community newspaper. Communist activism.
Political partyCommunist Party USA,
Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB)
Criminal charge(s)Charged under the McCarran Act
Criminal penaltyImprisonment and eventual deportation to the United Kingdom
RelativesTrevor Carter (cousin)

Claudia Jonesnée Claudia Vera Cumberbatch (21 February 1915 – 24 December 1964), was a Trinidad and Tobago-born journalist and activist.[1] As a child, she migrated with her family to the US, where she became a Communist political activist, feminist and black nationalist, adopting the name Jones as “self-protective disinformation”.[2] Due to the political persecution of Communists in the US, she was deported in 1955 and subsequently lived in the United Kingdom. Upon arriving in the UK, she immediately joined the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB),[3] and would remain a member for the rest of her life.[4] She then founded Britain’s first major black newspaper the West Indian Gazette (WIG) in 1958,[5] and played a central role in founding the Notting Hill Carnival, the second largest annual carnival in the world.

Early life

Claudia Vera Cumberbatch was born in Trinidad, then a colony of the British Empire, on 21 February 1915.[4] When she was eight years old, her family emigrated to New York City[4] following the post-war cocoa price crash in Trinidad. Her mother died five years later, and her father eventually found work to support the family. Jones won the Theodore Roosevelt Award for Good Citizenship at her junior high school. In 1932, due to poor living conditions in Harlem, she was struck with tuberculosis at the age of 17, The tuberculosis caused irreparable damaged to her lungs leading to lengthy stays in hospitals throughout her life.[4] She graduated from high school, but her family could not afford the expenses to attend her graduation ceremony.[6]

United States career

Bandshell in Eastlake Park in Phoenix, where in 1948 Jones spoke to a crowd of 1,000 people about equal rights for African Americans.[7]

Despite being academically bright, being classed as an immigrant woman severely limited Jones’ career choices. Instead of going to college she began working in a laundry, and subsequently found other retail work in Harlem. During this time she joined a drama group, and began to write a column called “Claudia Comments” for a Harlem journal.[8]

In 1936, trying to find organisations supporting the Scottsboro Boys,[9][10] she joined the Young Communist League USA.[11][12] The American communist movement’s opposition to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, was another factor which prompted Jones to join the communists.[4] In 1937 she joined the editorial staff of the Daily Worker, rising by 1938 to become editor of the Weekly Review. After the Young Communist League became American Youth for Democracy during World War II, Jones became editor of its monthly journal, Spotlight. After the war, Jones became executive secretary of the Women’s National Commission, secretary for the Women’s Commission of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA), and in 1952 took the same position at the National Peace Council. In 1953, she took over the editorship of Negro Affairs.[13]

Black feminist leader in the Communist Party

As a member of the Communist Party USA and a black nationalist and feminist, Jones’ main focus was on creating “an anti-imperialist coalition, managed by working-class leadership, fueled by the involvement of women.”[14]

Jones focused on growing the party’s support for black and white women. Not only did she work towards getting Black women equal respect within the party, Jones also worked for getting Black women specifically respect in being a mother, worker, and woman.[15] She campaigned for job training programs, equal pay for equal work, government controls on food prices, and funding for wartime childcare programs. Jones supported a subcommittee to address the “women’s question”. She insisted on the development in the party of theoretical training of women comrades, the organization of women into mass organizations, daytime classes for women, and “babysitter” funds to allow for women’s activism.[14]

“An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman!”

Jones’ best known piece of writing, “An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman!”, appeared in 1949 in the magazine Political Affairs. It exhibits her development of what later came to be termed “intersectional” analysis within a Marxist framework.[16] In it, she wrote:

The bourgeoisie is fearful of the militancy of the Negro woman, and for good reason. The capitalists know, far better than many progressives seem to know, that once Negro women begin to take action, the militancy of the whole Negro people, and thus of the anti-imperialist coalition, is greatly enhanced.

Historically, the Negro woman has been the guardian, the protector, of the Negro family… As mother, as Negro, and as worker, the Negro woman fights against the wiping out of the Negro family, against the Jim Crow ghetto existence which destroys the health, morale, and very life of millions of her sisters, brothers, and children.

Viewed in this light, it is not accidental that the American bourgeoisie has intensified its oppression, not only of the Negro people in general, but of Negro women in particular. Nothing so exposes the drive to fascization in the nation as the callous attitude which the bourgeoisie displays and cultivates toward Negro women.[17]


An elected member of the National Committee of the Communist Party USA, Jones also organised and spoke at events. As a result of her membership of CPUSA and various associated activities, in 1948 she was arrested and sentenced to the first of four spells in prison. Incarcerated on Ellis Island, she was threatened with deportation to Trinidad.

Following a hearing by the Immigration and Naturalization Service, she was found in violation of the McCarran Act for being an alien (non-US citizen) who had joined the Communist Party. Several witnesses testified to her role in party activities, and she had identified herself as a party member since 1936 when completing her Alien Registration on 24 December 1940, in conformity with the Alien Registration Act. She was ordered to be deported on 21 December 1950.[18]

In 1951, aged 36 and in prison, she suffered her first heart attack.[13] That same year, she was tried and convicted with 11 others, including her friend Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, of “un-American activities” under the Smith Act,[19] specifically activities against the United States government.[6] The charges against Jones related to an article she had written for the Political Affairs magazine under the title Women in the Struggle for Peace and Security.[12] The Supreme Court refused to hear their appeal. In 1955, Jones began her sentence of a year and a day at the Federal Reformatory for Women at Alderson, West Virginia.[13] She was released on 23 October 1955.[20]

She was refused entry to Trinidad and Tobago, in part because the colonial governor Major General Sir Hubert Elvin Rance was of the opinion that “she may prove troublesome”.[19] She was eventually offered residency in the United Kingdom on humanitarian grounds, and federal authorities agreed to allow it when she agreed to cease contesting her deportation.[21] On 7 December 1955, at Harlem’s Hotel Theresa, 350 people met to see her off.[13]

United Kingdom activism

Jones arrived in London two weeks later, at a time when the British African-Caribbean community was expanding. Upon her arrival, the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) sent several Caribbean communists to greet her. These communist activists included Billy Strachan, Winston Pinder, and Jones’s cousin Trevor Carter. However, on engaging the political community in the UK, she was disappointed to find that many British communists were hostile to a black woman.[22] She immediately joined the CPGB upon her arrival in Britain and remained a member until her death.[4]

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Friday – Update – Block the Boat (from Adrienne Fong)

9:30am UPDATE from AROC viaTEXT – ZIM boat is not docking today. Stay prepared to mobilize.

For TEXT updates call181-BLOCKZIM #BlocktheBoat  (1.812.562.5946) and leave a message with your number.

From AROC FB page – AROC: Arab Resource & Organizing Center | Facebook:

SEIU Local 1021 has endorsed our #BlocktheBoat campaign against the return of the Israeli Zim shipping line to the Port of Oakland. Along with the ILWU Northern California District Council’s condemnation of the Israeli government’s military campaign against Palestinian civilians, this is a huge step in international worker solidarity to support #BDS and #ShutdownApartheid !

The International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) Northern CA District Council stands in solidarity with Palestine and Palestinian communities across the world who are fighting for justice. – May 25, 2021 #BlockTheBoat Full statement here: